Vegetable and Herb Companions

Common Garden Vegetables, Their Companions, and Their Antagonists

Vegetable Companions Antagonists
Asparagus tomatoes, parsley, basil
Beans Potatoes, carrots, cucumbers, cauliflower, cabbage, summer savory, most other vegetables and herbs Onion, garlic, gladiola, chives
Pole beans Corn, summer savory, sunflowers Onions, beets, kohlrabi, cabbage
Bush beans Potatoes, cucumbers, corn, strawberries, celery, summer savory Onions
Beets Onions, kohlrabi Pole beans
Brassicas (Cabbage, cauliflower, kale, kohlrabi, broccoli) Aromatic plants, potatoes, celery, dill, chamomile, peppermint, sage, rosemary, beets, onions Pole beans, strawberries, tomatoes
Carrots Peas, leaf lettuce, chives, onions, leeks, rosemary, sage, tomatoes Dill
Celery Leeks, tomatoes, bush beans, cauliflower, cabbage
Chives Carrots, tomatoes Peas, beans
Corn Potatoes, peas, beans, cucumbers, pumpkin, squash
Cucumber Beans, corn, peas, radishes, lettuce, sunflowers Potatoes, aromatic herbs
Eggplant Beans, Potatoes
Leek Onions, celery, carrots
Lettuce Carrots with radishes, strawberries, cucumbers, onions
Onion (and garlic) Beets, strawberries, tomatoes, lettuce, summer savory, chamomile, leeks, parsley Peas, beans
Parsley Tomatoes, asparagus
Peas Carrots, turnips, radishes, cucumbers, corn, beans, most vegetables and herbs Onions, garlic, chives, gladiola, potatoes
Potato Beans corn, cabbage, horseradish, marigold, eggplant (as a lure for the Colorado potato beetle) Pumpkin squash, cucumber, sunflowers, tomatoes, raspberry
Pumpkin Corn Potato
Radish Peas, nasturtium, lettuce, cukes
Soybeans Grows/helps with everything
Spinach Strawberries
Squash Nasturtiums, corn Potatoes
Strawberries BUSH bean, spinach, borage, lettuce (as a border), onions Cabbage
Sunflower Cucumbers Potato
Tomatoes Chives, onions, parsley, asparagus, marigold, nasturtiums, carrots Kohlrabi, potatoes, fennel, cabbage
Turnip Peas

Herb Companions

A Companionate Herbal for the Organic Garden

A list of herbs, their companions and uses, including some beneficial weeds and flowers.

Herb Companions and Effects
Basil Companion to tomatoes; dislikes rue intensely. Improves growth and flavor Repels flies and mosquitoes.
Beebalm Companion to tomatoes; improves growth and flavor.
Borage Companion to tomatoes, squash and strawberries; deters tomato worm; improves growth and flavor.
Caraway Plant here and there; loosens soil.
Catnip Plant in borders; deters flea beetle.
Chamomile Companion to cabbages and onions; improves growth and flavor
Chervil Companion to radishes; improves growth and flavor
Chives Companion to carrots; improves growth and flavor
Dead nettle Companion to potatoes; deters potato bug; improves growth and flavor
Dill Companion to cabbage; dislikes carrots; improves growth and health of cabbage
Fennel Plant away from gardens. Most plants dislike it.
Flax Companion to carrots, potatoes, deters potato bug; improves growth and flavor
Garlic Plant near roses and raspberries; deters Japanese beetle; improves growth and flavor
Horseradish Plant at corners of potato patch to deter potato bug
Henbit General insect repellant
Hyssop Deters cabbage moth; companion to cabbage and grapes. Keep away from radishes.
Lambs-quarters This edible weed should be allowed to grow in moderate amounts in the garden, especially in corn.
Lemon Balm Sprinkle throughout garden.
Lovage Improves flavor and health of plants if planted here and there
Marigolds The workhorse of the pest deterrents. Plant throughout garden; it discourages Mexican bean beetles, nematodes, and other insects.
Mint Companion to cabbage and tomatoes; improves health and flavor; deters white cabbage moth.
Marjoram Plant here and there in garden; improves flavors
Mole plant Deters moles and mice if planted here and there
Nasturtium Companion to radishes, cabbage, and curcubits; plant under fruit trees. Deters aphids, squash bugs, striped pumpkin beetles; improves growth and flavor.
Petunia Protects beans
Pot marigold Companion to tomatoes, but plant elsewhere in garden too. Deters asparagus beetle, tomato worm, and general garden pests.
Purslane This edible weed makes good ground cover in the corn.
Pigweed One of the best weeds for pumping nutrients from the subsoil, it is especially beneficial to potatoes, onions, and corn. Keep weeds thinned.
Peppermint Planted among cabbages, it repels the white cabbage butterfly.
Rosemary Companion to cabbage, bean, carrots, and sage; deters cabbage moth, bean beetles, and carrot fly.
Rue Keep it far away from sweet basil; plant near roses and raspberries; deters Japanese beetle.
Sage Plant with rosemary, cabbage, and carrots; keep away from cucumbers. Deters cabbage moth, carrot fly.
Southernwood Plant here and there in garden; companion to cabbage, improves growth and flavor; deters cabbage moth.
Sowthistle This weed in moderate amounts can help tomatoes, onions and corn.
Summer savory Plant with beans and onions; improves growth and flavor. Deters bean beetle.
TansyTansy (continued) Plant under fruit trees; companion to roses and raspberries. Deters flying insects, Japanese beetles, striped cucumber beetles, squash bugs, ants.
Tarragon Good throughout garden.
Thyme Plant here and there in garden. Deters cabbage worm.
Valerian Good anywhere in garden.
Wild morning glory Allow it to grow in corn.
Wormwood As a border, it keeps animals from the garden.
Yarrow Plant along borders, paths, near aromatic herbs; enhances essential oil production.

This information was collected from many sources, most notably the Bio-Dynamic Association and the Herb Society of America.The above table is taken from Organic Gardening and Farming Magazine, February, 1972.